Daffodils Signal the End of Winter
with Bright Cheer

There are so many different types of daffodils that they have been officially placed into 13 divisions.  The descriptions and criteria for each division below are from the American Daffodil Society.  try some of each group for a variety of colors, shapes and bloom times.

Division 1:  Trumpet Daffodils

Trumpets--One flower to a stem, corona (trumpet or cup) as long or longer than the perianth segments (petals).

Examples:  Bravoure, Dutch Master, Goblet, King Alfred, Lemon Glow, Mount Hood, Spellbinder, Topolino

Narcissus 'Lemon Glow'Narcissus 'Lemon Glow'

Division 2:  Large-Cupped Daffodils

Large-Cupped Daffodils--One flower to a stem, corona (cup) more than one third but less than equal to the length of the perianth.segments (petals).

Examples:  Avalon, Fragrant Breeze (shown), Delibes, Flower Record, Fortissimo, Ice Follies, Perfect Lady, Professor Einstein, Salome, Sound

Narcissus 'Fragrant Breeze'Narcissus 'Fragrant Breeze'

Division 3:  Small-Cupped Daffodils

Small-Cupped Daffodils-- One flower to a stem, corona (cup) not more than one third the height of the perianth segments (petals).

Examples:  Barrett Browning, Jamestown, Princess Zaide, Royal Princess, Segovia, Sinopel

Narcissus 'Jamestown'Narcissus 'Jamestown'

Division 4:  Double Daffodils

Double Daffodils-- Daffodils have a clustered cup, petals or both. There can be one or more flowers per stem. 

Examples:  Cheerfulness, Delnashaugh, Ice King, Replete, Rip van Winkle, Tahiti, Wave, White Lion

Narcissus 'Replete'Narcissus 'Replete'

Division 5:  Triandrus Daffodils

Triandrus Daffodils-- Usually more than one flower to a stem, head drooping, perianth segments often reflexed and of silky texture.  There are usually two or more blooms per stem.

Examples:  Hawera, Ice Wings, Lemon Drops, Liberty Bells, Thalia

Narcissus 'Liberty Bells'Narcissus 'Liberty Bells'

Division 6:  Cyclamineus Daffodils

Cyclamineus Daffodils-- One flower to a stem, perianth significantly reflexed and corona straight and narrow. flower at an acute angle to the stem, with a very short pedicel (neck).

Examples:  February Gold, Jack Snipe, Jetfire, Peeping Tom, Rapture, Snipe

Narcissus 'February Gold'Narcissus 'February Gold'

Division 7:  Jonquilla Daffodils

Jonquilla Daffodils-- Usually several flower heads to a stem, flowers usually fragrant, stem is round in cross-section and foliage is often rush like.

Examples:  Baby Moon, Bell Song, New Baby, Pipit, Quail, Sweet Smiles, Stratosphere

Narcissus 'New Baby'Narcissus 'New Baby'

Division 8:  Tazetta Daffodils

Tazetta Daffodils-- Usually three to twenty flowers to a stout stem, sweet scented and very short cupped. Perianth segments rounded and often somewhat crinkled.

Examples:  Avalanche, Canaliculatus, Cragford, Falconet, Geranium, Minnow, Silver Chimes

Narcissus 'Avalanche'Narcissus 'Avalanche'

Division 9:  Poeticus Daffodils

Poeticus Daffodils-- Usually one flower to a stem. White petals sometimes stained with the corona color at the base, small flat cup edged with red. Fragrant.

Examples:  Actaea, Angel Eyes, Pheasant's Eye

Narcissus poeticusNarcissus poeticus from Flora von Deutschland, Osterrich und der Schweiz, Otto Wilhelm Thome, 1885

Division 10:  Bulbocodium Daffodils

Bulbocodium Hybrids-- Small flowers resemble a “hoop petticoat” form.

Examples:  Golden Bells, Cornish Cream

Narcissus bulbocodiumNarcissus bulbocodium

Division 11a:  Split-Cupped Collar Daffodils

 Split-Cupped Collar Daffodils-- Split-corona daffodils with the corona segments opposite the perianth segments; the corona segments usually in two whorls of three.

Examples:  Apricot Whirl, Blazing Starlet, Cassata, Mondragon, Tricollet

Narcissus 'Cassata'Narcissus 'Cassata'

Division 11b:  Split-Cupped Papillon Daffodils

Split-Cupped Papillon Daffodils:  Split-corona daffodils with the corona segments alternate to the perianth segments; the corona segments usually in a single whorl of six.

Examples:  Lemon Beauty, Papillon Blanc, Sorbet

Narcissus 'Papillon Blanc'Narcissus 'Papillon Blanc'

Division 12:  Miscellaneous Daffodils

Miscellaneous Daffodils-- Division 12 consists of daffodils not falling into any of the previous categories. Many are inter-division hybrids.

Examples:  Jumblie, Tête-á-Tête

Narcissus 'Tete-a-Tete'Narcissus 'Tete-a-Tete'

Division 13:  Species, Wild Variants and Wild Hybrids

Species, Wild Variants and Wild Hybrids--Division 13 consists of the wild, natural daffodils.

Examples:   N. cantabricus, N. cyclamineus, N. jonquilla, N. x odorus, N. papyraceus, N. poeticus var. recurvus

Narcissus x odorus 'Plenus,' or 'Flore-pleno' is also called Queen Anne's double daffodil or the double campernelle, fragrant

Narcissus x odorus 'Linnaeus,' known as the campernelle, is single with a scalloped cup and twisty petals, also very fragrant and a great naturalizer

Narcissus poeticus var. recurvus, is the old pheasant's eye daffodil, fragrant, with recurved petals and red-rimmed cup, late blooming

Narcissus x odorus 'Plenus'Narcissus x odorus 'Plenus' or 'Flore-pleno'
Narcissus x odorusNarcissus x odorus 'Linnaeus,' or campernelle
Narcissus poeticus var. recurvusNarcissus poeticus var. recurvus

For more information about daffodils, visit the American Daffodil Society at www.daffodilusa.org .


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English Rose Graham Thomas