Evergreens are the Backbone of the Garden, Giving Structure,
Permanence and Winter Color

Cypresses by Vincent van Gogh

Evergreens are so important to the development of a great garden that you could say that a garden is incomplete without them. They are important in every season. In winter, when they are especially noticeable, they provide color, structure and definition to the garden and shelter for birds. In spring, the fresh green leaves and needles mingle with the emerging deciduous foliage to form a delightful tapestry in many shades of green. In summer, they help provide shade, privacy for outdoor activities and interesting textures. In the autumn, the contrast with the bright colors of changing deciduous leaves is striking.

These plants, with their varied sizes, shapes, colors and textures, are infinitely useful. They can be planted densely for screens or windbreaks. Carefully chosen and sited cultivars make spectacular specimens. They can even be iconic when carefully chosen and sited. Think of the dark green cypresses silhouetted against the sky in the painting above by van Gogh. They can be sheared or left natural for formal or informal hedges to define property lines or to create special garden rooms. Mixing them among other plants in perennial or shrub borders creates four-season interest and variety. Of course, they are perfect for special uses such as topiaries, bonsai, and parterres. They provide material for indoor arrangements and holiday decorations. The broad-leaved types also include some of the most magnificent flowering plants in nature—camellias, magnolias and rhododendrons to name a few.

The glorious garden always includes carefully selected and sited evergreens. These lists, including ground covers, shrubs, trees and vines, are by no means exhaustive, but show that the selection is broad and varied. Between the conifers and broad-leaved types, there is a perfect choice for every location and purpose. Make your selections carefully based on the intended use, adaptability to your climate zone (including temperature and rainfall), shape and eventual size of the plant. Choose your favorites from among the species listed, and visit your local nursery for specific cultivars that are best adapted for your area.

Click here for a list of evergreen ground covers.

Click here for a list of evergreen vines.

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Plant of the Month

Lycoris squamigera